The Canadian Construction Documents Committee (CCDC) develops, produces, and reviews standard construction contracts, forms and guides. It is a national joint committee, formed in 1974, and includes representation from across the Canadian construction industry.
The committee includes two construction owner representatives from each of the public and private sectors, as well as representatives from four national organizations. All CCDC Documents are endorsed by these national organizations:
- Association of Consulting Engineering Companies – Canada (ACEC);
- Canadian Construction Association (CCA) ;
- Construction Specifications Canada (CSC); and
- Royal Architectural Institute of Canada (Architecture Canada).
CCDC representation also includes a lawyer from the Canadian Bar Association (Construction Law Section), who sits as an ex-officio member.
Descriptions of the various CCDC contracts and explanatory guides can be accessed here
To download and use the following documents you will need to purchase a registration number from any of the Alberta Local Construction Associations
CCDC documents are used in contractual arrangements across the Canadian construction industry. They provide cost savings through balanced standard contract forms, and help to ensure standardization for bidding and contracting procedures. Each year, more than 50,000 copies of CCDC documents are sold.
By using uniformed and standardized documents from CCDC, practitioners in the Canadian construction industry are using documents that are:
• relied upon as familiar industry standards,
• developed through a collaborative and consensus-based approach that allows for the serious consideration of rights, interests and obligations of all parties,
• protect the interest and preserve the rights of all parties involved in a construction project, and
• provide balance, uniformity and standardization for bidding and contracting procedures.
CCDC documents can help reduce claims and disputes, and the added expense and time associated.
|Source and Link||Source Type||Title||Purpose||Category||Year|
|CCDC||Association||CCDC Bulletins||Explain clauses and represent industry best practices||General||1998-2017|
|ConstructConnect||Journal||CCDC documents can help restore trust and manage risks||Promote use of CCDC||General||2008|
|Construction Canada||Journal||Dawn of the ‘super contract’||Advocate for reducing the number of CCDC contracts||General||2014|
|SHK Law||Law Firm||Supplementary Conditions In Construction Contracts||Discusses supplementary conditions||General||2016|
|Miller Thomson||Law Firm||The Ins and Outs of Statutory Appeals of Arbitration Decisions||Clarify arbitration||General||2018|
|Ontario Construction Report||Journal||Collaboration and CCDC adherence vital for complex development project success||Promote use of CCDC||General||2018|
|Miller Thomson||Law Firm||CCDC 2 – 2008: NEW AND IMPROVED||Introduction of 2008 changes||CCDC2||2008|
|Jenkins Marzban Logan LLP||Law Firm||CCDC2 – 2008 Stipulated Price Contract||Overview of changes in 2008 CCDC2||CCDC2||2008|
|ConstructConnect||Journal||New CCDC2 includes significant changes||Introduction of 2008 changes||CCDC2||2008|
|Construction Law Canada||Journal||Does The CCDC Dispute Resolution Clause Require Arbitration?||Discusses meaning of arbitration clause in CCDC2||CCDC2||2013|
|Glaholt LLP||Law Firm||THE ROLE OF FUNDAMENTAL BREACH IN CCDC 2 CONTRACTS||Clarifies contractor fundamental breach in CCDC2||CCDC2||2014|
|Dentons||Law Firm||Indemnity, Insurance, Waiver, and Warranty Provisions of the CCDC-2 Stipulated Price Contract||Explains advantages and disadvantages of CCDC2, and indemnity, insurance, waiver and warrenty provisions||CCDC2||2015|
|Jenkins Marzban Logan LLP||Law Firm||CCDC5a – 2010 Construction Management Contract for Services||Overview of CCDC5a and CCDC5b||CCDC5||2010|
|Burnet, Duckworth and Palmer LLP||Law Firm||Construction Management Standard Contract||Explains differences in CCDC5a and CCDC5b||CCDC5||2013|
|Langlois||Law Firm||Demystifying Construction Management Contracts||Explains CCDC5||CCDC5||2018|
|CCDC 14 & 15|
|Blaney McMurtry LLP||Law Firm||New CCDC Design-Build Contracts||Introduces new CCDC14 and CCDC 15 documents||CCDC14/15||2013|
|Construction Law Letter||Journal||An Initial Review Of The New CCDC 14||Introduces new CCDC14 and CCDC 15 documents||CCDC14/15||2014|
|Borden Ladner Gervais||Law Firm||Updated Design-Build Contracts||Introduces new CCDC14 and CCDC 15 documents||CCDC14/15||2014|
|Fredricton Northwest Construction Association||Association||CCDC14 Design-Build Stipulated|
|Very brief overview of CCDC14||CCDC14|
|Miller Thomson||Law Firm||CCDC Introduces Integrated Project Delivery Contract||Summary of IPD||CCDC30||2018|
|Ontario Construction Report||Journal||CCDC30: The new Integrated Project Delivery contract takes design and construction collaboration and risk sharing to a new level||Introduction to CCDC30||CCDC30||2018|
|Osler||Law Firm||Integrated Project Delivery model in Canada: What you need to know||Summary of IPD||CCDC30||2018|
Understanding the Risks of Non-standard Contract terms
With funding support from Alberta Economic Development and Trade, ACA has undertaken an initiative to improve understanding of risk allocation within the terms of non-standard commercial contracts.
Approximately half of Alberta contractors have 20 or fewer employees and nearly 80% have fewer than 100 employees. Many of these contractors lack access to legal expertise to help them understand and appropriately price in their bids the risk that they are obliged to carry, arising from non-standard commercial construction contracts. This problem is not unique to Alberta, indeed, the Canadian Construction Association, the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada, Consulting Engineers Canada, Construction Specifications Canada, and owner groups established years ago the Canadian Construction Documents Committee (CCDC) to create and promote standard CCDC contracts and guides. CCDC contracts have been tested in the courts and are generally well understood by all stakeholders.
While some owners (procurers of construction) embrace CCDC, many have retained counsel to create non-standard contracts which generally oblige contractors to carry all risks. Large well-resourced contractors can retain counsel and frequently negotiate different terms. Small to medium sized contractors frequently bid work without an understanding of the risks they may bear and fail to price accordingly.
This leads to unsatisfactory performance in the construction market in the following ways:
- Many sophisticated contractors will refuse to bid, limiting the pool of bidders, and are frustrated that the subsequent bidding distorts the true market price
- The winning bidder frequently underprices the true cost, and either fails to perform, or can only perform after expensive disputes and rework through change orders. Jobs are at risk due to failure of the bidder, and / or the purchaser is dissatisfied with poor performance and unanticipated problems of quality, schedule, and cost.
ACA’s initiative includes the following:
- Collect, analyze, and publish the risk and cost implications of terms frequently found in commercial construction contracts in Alberta,
- Publish and disseminate the findings of the analysis,
- Support workshops or other discussion forums to review findings of construction value chain stakeholders, including owners, consultants, and contractors,
- Develop new or add to existing educational seminars for Alberta contractors to educate contractors, and
- Develop an online repository of the preceding and recognize users of standard contracts in order to sustain the initiative